Just before the Industrial Revolution, the manufacture of goods took place in the homes of workers all over the United States. Workers were paid per unit, and goods were transported every few days to be distributed. Eventually someone realized that they could reduce the per unit cost by having all of those workers commute to a single location, and thus improve productivity. The hourly wage was introduced, and a new model of working was born.
Fast forward several decades, and our economy is increasingly being built on products that are digital, rather than physical. As a result of this, and the ability to securely transmit digital information over the internet anywhere in the world, the tools that employees need to complete their tasks are no longer bound to a physical location. This represents a profound shift in how employment is viewed, just as it did decades ago when things were moving the other direction.
With that shift, a large number of companies, technologies, and solutions have emerged for accommodating businesses who wish to telecommute. Below is an overview of the different models and approaches to this practice, along with some recommendations.
PC to PC:
One of the more common scenarios involves an employee who has a dedicated physical workstation in the office, and access to corporate data is restricted to that workstation. When the employee is traveling or at home, they connect to that workstation, viewing its desktop, and work as though they were sitting at that machine. No data is actually transferred outside of the office network, but merely viewed remotely.